The Russian Federation stretches across much of the north of the supercontinent of Eurasia.
Because of its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity.
The Russian Federation emerged as a great power in the early twenty-first century, also considered to be an energy superpower.
The country is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters, and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
The more central Ural Mountains, a north-south range that form the primary divide between Europe and Asia, are also notable.
Winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia, while summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.These plains are predominantly steppe to the south and heavily forested to the north, with tundra along the northern coast.Mountain ranges are found along the southern borders, such as the Caucasus (containing Mount Elbrus, Russia's and Europe's highest point at 18,511 feet (5642 meters), and the Altai, and in the eastern parts, such as the Verkhoyansk Range or the volcanoes on Kamchatka.A small part of Black Sea coast around Sochi is considered in Russia to have subtropical climate.Russia has thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water, providing it with one of the world's largest surface-water resources.