At the start of the twentieth century, Gabon became part of French Equatorial Africa, which also included the present-day nations of Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Central African Republic. Each ethnic group has ceremonies for birth, death, initiation, and healing, and for casting out evil spirits, though the specifics of the ceremonies vary widely from group to group. The borders were chosen by European colonials trying to parcel out territories; little consideration was given to the natural borders formed by the ethnic groups, which were then split by the new lines.Gabon remained an overseas territory of France until its independence in 1960. The Gabonese are proud of their country's resources and prosperity. As a building material, cement is seen as a sign of wealth. The groups share a landscape and climate, and thus are able to produce the same kinds of things.
During this time, the Fang were migrating from Cameroon into Gabon.The use of a common language is extremely helpful in the cities, where Gabonese from all of the different ethnic groups come together to live.Most Gabonese speak at least two languages, as each ethnic group has its own language as well. The Gabonese flag is made of three horizontal stripes: green, yellow, and blue.The men have open structures called corps de guards, or gatherings of men. Its young leaves are picked and used as a vegetable. The palm wine, in conjunction with a hallucinogenic root called eboga, is used during ceremonies for death, healing, and initiation.Protein comes from the sea and rivers, as well as from bush meat hunted by the men. In small doses, eboga acts as a stimulant, making it useful for all-night ceremonies.