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For example, it includes amoxicillin, a widely-used antibiotic to treat infections such as pneumonia.The WATCH group includes antibiotics that are recommended as first- or second-choice treatments for a small number of infections.For example, the use of ciprofloxacin, used to treat cystitis (a type of urinary tract infection) and upper respiratory tract infections (such as bacterial sinusitis and bacterial bronchitis), should be dramatically reduced to avoid further development of resistance.The third group, RESERVE, includes antibiotics such as colistin and some cephalosporins that should be considered last-resort options, and used only in the most severe circumstances when all other alternatives have failed, such as for life-threatening infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria."The rise in antibiotic resistance stems from how we are using – and misusing – these medicines," said Dr Suzanne Hill, Director of Essential Medicines and Health Products.

WHO recommends that antibiotics in the ACCESS group be available at all times as treatments for a wide range of common infections.The change aims to ensure that antibiotics are available when needed, and that the right antibiotics are prescribed for the right infections.It should enhance treatment outcomes, reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria, and preserve the effectiveness of "last resort" antibiotics that are needed when all others fail.The meeting of the 21st Expert Committee was held 27–31 March 2017 at WHO Headquarters.The Committee considered 92 applications for about 100 medicines and added 55 to the EML (30 to the general EML and 25 to the children’s EML).